Questions about Alienation

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Questions about Alienation

Post by GF on Thu Mar 22, 2012 8:32 pm

Here I am speaking of the Marxist interpretation.

What is Alienation?
How does it affect workers?
How does it affect society at large?
Why is alienation important to a Socialist movement?


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Re: Questions about Alienation

Post by Celtiberian on Sun Mar 25, 2012 7:19 pm

Alienation is derived from a theory of human nature which Marx formulated in his Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844. Basically, the theory contends that bourgeois social relations are fundamentally at odds with our innate nature (or 'Gattungswesen'). Alienated labor, for instance, is summarized well in the following passage:

"The alienation of the worker in his object is expressed according to the laws of political economy as follows: the more the worker produces, the less he has to consume; the more value he creates, the more worthless and unworthy he becomes; the better shaped his product, the more misshapen is he; the more civilized his product, the more barbaric is the worker; the more powerful the work, the more powerless becomes the worker; the more intelligence the work has, the more witless is the worker and the more he becomes a slave of nature."
Marx, Karl. Writings of the Young Marx on Philosophy and Society, p. 291.

The inequality capitalism engenders also prevents most people from fully realizing their innate potential. Broadly speaking, however, alienation negatively impacts humanity as a whole, not exclusively the working class. This short video is quite instructive on the subject:

RSF Executive Committee (Chairman)
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"Nationality. . . is a historic, local fact which, like all real and harmless facts, has the right to claim general acceptance. . . Every people, like every person, is involuntarily that which it is and therefore has a right to be itself. . . Nationality is not a principle; it is a legitimate fact, just as individuality is. Every nationality, great or small, has the incontestable right to be itself, to live according to its own nature. This right is simply the corollary of the general principle of freedom."
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