All H(a)il, the Scottish Workers' Republic!

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All H(a)il, the Scottish Workers' Republic!

Post by Celtiberian on Sat Sep 01, 2012 12:11 am


John Maclean (1879–1923) was the Scottish equivalent of James Connolly in many ways, only he was heavily involved with the early Bolshevik movement and therefore didn't necessarily subscribe to the syndicalist approach favored by Connolly. Nevertheless, in addition to being an active cooperative organizer, he was both a left-wing nationalist and a communist, as the following article makes clear. Of particular interest was his use of the "Celtic communism" theory which Connolly utilized to conjoin the struggle for national independence with that of class.

ALL H(A)IL, THE SCOTTISH WORKERS' REPUBLIC!
by John Maclean

For some time past the feeling has been growing that Scotland should strike out for national independence, as well as Ireland and other lands. This has recently been strengthened by the English Government’s intention to rely mainly on Scottish troops to murder the Irish race.

Genuine Scotsmen recently asked themselves the question: "Are we Scots to be used as the bloody tools of the English against our brother Celts of Erin?" And naturally the instinctive response was—No!

Again the land seizures by Highland crofters are arousing the blood of Highlandmen driven south to the Clyde Valley for work. Especially the filthy tactics of Lord Leverhume (an English capitalist), who has dismissed Stornoway wage slaves as a means of beating the Lewis raiders who seized the farms of Coll and Gress. Divide and conquer again!

Scottish students of history now realise that Edinburgh lawyers and politicians sold Scottish independence in 1707, although most blame has fallen on the Earl of Stair, many of us are convinced that ever since 1707 the Edinburgh kings' and queens' counsels and politicians have been in the regular pay of London to keep Scotland as the base tool of the English government. These scoundrels in the eighteenth century helped to ruin Burns, the peasants' and people's poet.

The "rebellion" of 1715 and 1745 were natural reactions against the treacherous deed of 1707, but these unfortunate outbursts but gave the English the excuse and chance to subdue the Highland chiefs and then corrupt them with an English education at Oxford and Cambridge.

Since 1790 the chiefs became Englishmen in outlook, and used their clansmen to defend English capitalism against the revolution started in Paris in 1789. Since the Napoleonic wars the Highland regiments have been used to defend the stolen lands of England all over the globe, and have largely helped to extend the English empire.

Whilst doing this, the Dukes of Sutherland and Argyll and other chiefs proceeded with the English landlord policy of land clearances. The friends of the fighters were chased of their native heath into the lowlands or out to Canada and Australia.

Now the reaction is beginning—inspired by Ireland and Russia. Scotland must again have independence, but not to be ruled over by traitor chiefs and politicians. The communism of the clans must be re-established on a modern basis. (Bolshevism, to put it roughly, is but the modern expression of the communism of the mir.) Scotland must therefore work itself into a communism embracing the whole country as a unit. The country must have but one clan, as it were—a united people working in co-operation and co-operatively, using the wealth that is created.

We can safely say, then: back to communism and forward to communism.

The control must be in the hands of the workers only, male and female alike, each workshop and industry sending delegates to district councils and the National Council. The National Council must be based in or near Glasgow, as half the population lives within a radius of twenty miles from Glasgow.

In the period of transition a wage-earners dictatorship must guide production, and the adoption of the machinery and methods of production, to communist methods.

Many Irishmen live in Scotland, and, as they are Celts like the Scots, and are out for Irish independence, and as wage-earners have been champion fighters for working class rights, we expect them to ally themselves with us, and help us to attain our Scottish Communist Republic, as long as they live in Scotland. Irishmen must remember that communism prevailed amongst the Irish clans as amongst the Scottish clans, so that, in lining up with Scotsmen they are but carrying forward the traditions and instincts of the Celtic race.
Source

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"Nationality. . . is a historic, local fact which, like all real and harmless facts, has the right to claim general acceptance. . . Every people, like every person, is involuntarily that which it is and therefore has a right to be itself. . . Nationality is not a principle; it is a legitimate fact, just as individuality is. Every nationality, great or small, has the incontestable right to be itself, to live according to its own nature. This right is simply the corollary of the general principle of freedom."
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Re: All H(a)il, the Scottish Workers' Republic!

Post by capitalism_collapse on Sat Sep 01, 2012 7:22 am

Fantastic, Celtiberian. I did not know of Maclean until reading this just now. Love what he said.

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Re: All H(a)il, the Scottish Workers' Republic!

Post by capitalism_collapse on Tue Oct 02, 2012 6:17 pm

I was wondering if MacLean wrote any books (or any good books written on him) or was he more a speech and paper sort? Any books you might recommend me on him, Celtiberian? Thanks!

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Re: All H(a)il, the Scottish Workers' Republic!

Post by Celtiberian on Wed Oct 10, 2012 11:51 pm

capitalism_collapse wrote:I was wondering if MacLean wrote any books (or any good books written on him) or was he more a speech and paper sort? Any books you might recommend me on him, Celtiberian? Thanks!

To my knowledge, Maclean didn't write any treatises. In addition to his activism, he primarily wrote articles analyzing current events from a Marxist perspective.

I haven't had any success locating a decent biography published about his life and work, but if I find one I'll be sure to let you know.

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RSF Executive Committee (Chairman)
"The dogma of human equality is no part of Communism . . . the formula of Communism: 'from each according to his ability, to each according to his needs', would be nonsense, if abilities were equal."
—J. B. S. Haldane Hammer Sickle

"Nationality. . . is a historic, local fact which, like all real and harmless facts, has the right to claim general acceptance. . . Every people, like every person, is involuntarily that which it is and therefore has a right to be itself. . . Nationality is not a principle; it is a legitimate fact, just as individuality is. Every nationality, great or small, has the incontestable right to be itself, to live according to its own nature. This right is simply the corollary of the general principle of freedom."
—Mikhail Bakunin Red Star
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Re: All H(a)il, the Scottish Workers' Republic!

Post by capitalism_collapse on Thu Oct 11, 2012 6:42 am

Many thanks, comrade. I saw (through the link you had provided to the source of the article) links to his speeches. I'm going to delve into those as well.

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